(This article was originally published in the April 2018 issue of Paper Jam and was written by Nicole H.)
Allegory: a long metaphor where the characters, places, and objects in a narrative have a figurative meaning.
Alliteration: close repetition of consonant sounds.
Assonance: close repetition of vowel sounds.
Couplet: a stanza of 2 lines, which often rhyme with each other
Concrete poetry: verse that emphasizes non-linguistic elements in its meaning, such as a typeface that creates a visual image of the topic.
Diction: diction is usually used to describe the level of formality that a speaker uses and is often referred to as the words a writer uses.
Epic: a long narrative poem in which a heroic protagonist engages in an action of great mythic or historical significance.
Free verse: non-metrical, non-rhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech.
Genre: a class or category of texts with similar form, style, or subject matter.
Hyperbole: a figure of speech that is over-exaggerated.
Imagery: part of a poem that uses the five senses to create a mental picture.Irony: a device where what is said is very different than what is meant.
Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Octave: a stanza of 8 lines.
Refrain: a repeated line within a poem, similar to the chorus of a song.
Rhyme: words that sound alike, especially words that end in the same sound.
Rhythm: the beat and movement of language (rise and fall, repetition and variation, change of pitch, mix of syllables, melody of words).
Simile: a direct comparison between two dissimilar things using “like” or “as.”
Stanza: a group of lines making up a single unit; like a paragraph in prose.
Syntax: word order and sentence structure. The way a writer writes a sentence.